What is Diabetes

Just what is diabetes?  

To answer that, you first need to understand the role of insulin in your body.  

When you eat, your body turns food into sugars, or glucose. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body’s cells to use for energy.

Your pancreas—an organ, located between your stomach and spine, that helps with digestion—releases a hormone it makes, called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood carry glucose to all your body’s cells. Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter — and allow you to use the glucose for energy.

Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.  Your blood glucose levels get too high and can cause diabetes or prediabetes. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. It is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure and stroke.

Diabetes can strike anyone, from any walk of life.

Worldwide, it afflicts more than 422 million people.

Today, diabetes takes more lives than AIDS and breast cancer combined.  

Living with diabetes places an enormous emotional, physical and financial burden on the entire family. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.

People can develop diabetes at any age. Both women and men can develop diabetes. There are many types of diabetes. Among them the three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

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