Type 2 Diabetes

Normal-Pancreas
Type-2-Pancreas

The most common form of diabetes is called type 2, or non-insulin dependent diabetes. This is also called “adult onset” diabetes, since it typically develops after age 35. However, people at any age can develop type 2 diabetes. 

People with type 2 are able to produce some of their own insulin. Often, it’s not enough. And sometimes, the insulin will try to serve as the “key” to open the body’s cells, to allow the glucose to enter. But the key won’t work. The cells won’t open. This is called insulin resistance – a condition that occurs when fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin to carry glucose into the body’s cells to use for energy. As a result, the body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by making more insulin. Over time, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin when blood sugar levels increase, such as after meals. If your pancreas can no longer make enough insulin, you will need to treat your type 2 diabetes.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes:

►  Using diabetes medicines

►  Taking shots, also called injections, of insulin

►  Making healthy food choices

►  Being physically active

►  Controlling your blood pressure levels

►  Controlling your cholesterol levels 

And, if left untreated, the high level of “blood sugar” can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the heart, and can also lead to coma and death.

People who are overweight, with a sedentary lifestyle have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes.

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