Type 1 Diabetes


In type 1 diabetes, your body no longer makes insulin. This type of diabetes develops most often in young people; however, type 1 diabetes can also develop in adults. In type 1 diabetes, your body no longer makes insulin or enough insulin because the body’s immune system, which normally protects you from infection by getting rid of bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances, has attacked and destroyed the cells that make insulin. Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter — and allow you to use the glucose for energy. Without insulin, there is no “key.”   So, the sugar stays — and builds up– in the blood. The result: the body’s cells starve from the lack of glucose.  

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes:

►  Taking shots, also called injections, of insulin.

►  Sometimes taking medicines by mouth.

►  Making healthy food choices.

►  Being physically active.

►  Controlling your blood pressure levels.

►  Controlling your cholesterol levels.

And, if left untreated, the high level of “blood sugar” can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the heart, and can also lead to coma and death.

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