Daily Care

Undoubtedly diabetes is a very serious condition for anyone to have. But you can have a perfectly healthy and normal life if you maintain certain things. To make things easy, first of all you need to learn as much as possible about diabetes. You can learn by asking your doctor, reading books on diabetes or from various sites on the internet. Below you will find a list of things which you will need to maintain on a daily basis in order to sustain a healthy life while having diabetes.

1. Follow a diet plan

You should ask your doctor to prepare a diet plan for you, and you must make sure that you follow the plan each and every day. The purpose of having a diet plan is to make sure that you receive the appropriate calories and other nutrients for your body to be in its peak form. Following the plan will keep your blood sugar level in safe range provided that you manage your medications and exercise properly.

2. Stay active with exercise

Exercise is another essential daily activity for managing diabetes well. Schedule exercise for 20 to 30 minutes a day on five or more days a week. If there are days when you don’t have 30 minutes to spare, know that even 10 minutes of physical activity every day will improve your body’s response to insulin and boost your energy. Consult your doctor before you develop an exercise routine and also before changing your current exercise routine.

3. Manage your medications precisely

In order to maintain a safe blood sugar level, you must take your medication daily at the precise dose and right time. Medications include oral pills and insulin shots. NEVER change your medication routine or dose without consulting your doctor.

4. Checking your blood sugar level

Whether you’re on oral medications or need insulin, monitoring your blood sugar levels will help you control blood sugar. Depending on your diabetes treatment plan, you may have to check your blood sugar level from a few times a week to a few times a day, based on your doctor’s recommendations. Checking your blood sugar might be timed to meals, exercise, or when you wake up and go to sleep.

If you don’t have a reliable high quality blood glucose meter yet, you must purchase one as soon as possible. You should write down the results of each test along with their date and time on a log-book or dairy. This information will help your doctor to precisely develop your diet plan, exercise plan and medication dosage.

5. Check your feet

You should check your feet every day for cuts, redness or swelling. If you find any, then you must contact your doctor immediately. Use a mirror to make sure you check all sides of your feet, or ask your caregiver to check your feet for the aforementioned signs.

Failure to check your feet every day may result to amputation (removal of a body part by surgery, such as toes or feet) in the future.

6. Brush your teeth after each meal

People with diabetes are more prone to gum diseases than non-diabetic people. So, you should brush your teeth 15 to 20 minutes after you take each meal. Do not brush immediately after eating though, as that will harm the enamel of the teeth.

7. Do not smoke

If you have diabetes and you smoke, you are more likely to have serious health problems from diabetes. Smokers with diabetes have higher risks for serious complications, including:

►  Heart and kidney disease

►  Poor blood flow in the legs and feet that can lead to infections, ulcers, and possible amputation (removal of a body part by surgery, such as toes or feet)

►  Retinopathy (an eye disease that can cause blindness)

►  Peripheral neuropathy (damaged nerves to the arms and legs that causes numbness, pain, weakness, and poor coordination)

If you are a smoker with diabetes, quitting smoking will benefit your health right away. People with diabetes who quit have better control of their blood sugar levels.

8. Sleep

Sleep is just as important as exercise. You’ll need a minimum of seven, preferably eight, hours of sleep a night. Any amount less than six hours can put extra stress on your body, which might affect your blood sugar levels. Sleep lowers blood sugar levels and helps fight fatigue.

Get into a regular sleep and wake-time cycle. Sticking to the same sleep and wake times each day serves as another way to remind yourself to do what you need to stay healthy.

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